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When the ruling monarch had no such son, Novgorod was governed by posadniks, such as the legendary Gostomysl, Dobrynya, Konstantin, and Ostromir.
Of all their princes, Novgorodians most cherished the memory of Yaroslav the Wise, who sat as Prince of Novgorod from 1010 to 1019, while his father, Vladimir the Great, was a prince in Kiev.
The Novgorod merchant Sadko became a popular hero of Russian folklore.
Novgorod was never conquered by the Mongols during the Mongol invasion of Rus.
Sophia Cathedral, more accurately translated as the Cathedral of Holy Wisdom, which stands to this day.
His son, Vladimir, sponsored construction of the great St.Originally, Holmgård referred to the stronghold, now only 2 km to the south of the center of the present-day city, Rurikovo Gorodische (named in comparatively modern times after the Varangian chieftain Rurik, who supposedly made it his "capital" around 860).First mention of this Nordic or Germanic etymology to the name of the city of Novgorod (and that of other cities within the territory of the then Kievan Rus') occurs in the 10th-century policy manual De Administrando Imperio by Byzantine emperor Constantine VII.Novgorod's size as well as its political, economic, and cultural influence made it the second most important city in Kievan Rus'.According to a custom, the elder son and heir of the ruling Kievan monarch was sent to rule Novgorod even as a minor.